22 February, 2009

25,000 illegal Nigerians to leave Italy

25,000 illegal Nigerians to leave Italy

19 Feb, 2009

The Nigeria and Italy governments are to ensure that some 25,000 Nigerians living illegally in Italy are returned home. This was part of the agenda of the closed door meeting between the Nigerian Foreign minister, Chief Ojo Maduekwe and his Italian counterpart, Dr. Franco Frattini, in Abuja.

[africanews.com] Briefing the media after the meeting, Chief Ojo Maduekwe said the Nigerian government will do everything necessary to have the illegal aliens return home even as he told his guest to always accord the concerned Nigerians their human rights.

"As part of the Citizen Diplomacy of this government, we still want our people to be respected wherever they may be even as we do not encourage any Nigerian to travel to any country illegally, but in the case of Italy, we are also proud to reveal that more than 40,000 Nigerians are living there legitimately", Chief Maduekwe said.

The meeting which was a follow up to an earlier one by Chief Maduekwe and a delegation from Italy in New York at the 63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly in 2008 also looked into economic and trade relations between the two countries.

The Italian envoy said that his country is ready to maintain the trade relationship with Nigeria especially in the areas of leather and leather works, timber, rubber and cocoa.

"I'm optimistic that Nigeria will continue to patronize us in the purchase of motor vehicles, agricultural equipment, electrical parts, aircraft spare parts, telecommunication equipments as well as chemical and pharmaceutical products", Dr. Frattini said.

Nigeria is Italy's second largest trade partner in Africa, in 2003, the volume of trade between the two countries was put at about 1.115 billion Euros. In 2004, Italy exported goods worth 486.3 million Euros to Nigeria while she imported goods worth 337.8million Euros from Nigeria.

Other areas of discussion included the Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (IPPA) which is designed to encourage and attract Italian foreign investors to Nigeria; the Bilateral Air Services Agreement (BASA) and the Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreement.

Finally, the two diplomats deliberated on the 2004 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed to combat the illicit act of women trafficking and they both admitted that a major improvement has been recorded as they keep their pledged to maintain the tempo until the act was abandoned by the perpetrators.

Kinsley Kobo, AfricaNews reporter in Abidjan, Ivory Coast


21 February, 2009

Why I write about Nigeria

Why I write about Nigeria

Akintokunbo A Adejumo


Several times I have had cause to question myself on the reason why I write (and indeed, worry) about my country, Nigeria, or why I feel like contributing to several issues relating to the country on websites, blog-sites, and what not. I do not consider myself extraordinary or different to most of my fellowmen or women or fellow citizens, or an intelligentsia or a philosopher. In fact, I am very much unknown and rather anonymous amongst Nigeria's estimated 140 million citizens. And honestly, I'd like to keep it that way. I don't want to engage in popularity contests with anybody.

I share the belief that writing in itself is a sane activity with Solomon Sydelle of Nigerian Curiosity (www.nigeriancuriosity.com ), and I tend to believe that writing about Nigeria's ills, e.g. corruption, mismanagement, bad governance, so-called Nigerians In Diaspora, patriotism, democracy, rule of law, etc, is perhaps much more insane, and probably even dangerous. However, I am not an investigative journalist who does exposes (expositions) on government corruptions and misdemeanours. My writings are mostly analytical or critical evaluation of issues and events. I sometimes even give advice to our leaders on how to be better leaders.

To ask why we write is also to ask why we read. The pragmatic answer is "to find proof" -- to find proof of like-minded thinkers, to find support or criticism for our own arguments, to discover that we are not alone in our thinking, our assumptions and problems. The transcendental answer is "to educate" -- to inspire our own thinking, to see new realities, to uplift ourselves through another writer's use of language. And the middle road: "Because there is a need."

Because of my life experiences I sense that "reality," "truth," and "knowledge" are socially constructed and reflect power structures. At the same time I retain a humanist belief in an individual's abilities to seek out particular truths.

According to literature, there are three words that can be invoked to illuminate the urge that compels me to write. The first word is respons(e)/ibility. One of the essential conditions to maintain such communication is to feel responsible to respond, hence the word respons(e)/ibility. I feel responsible to respond to utterances, speaking(s), writing(s) and action(s) by other participants. The need of a meaningful communication asks from me, not only to listen and read, but also to speak and write.

The second word is translation, understood both as "rendering" and "movement." Each time I write, I find myself translating (rendering, moving to and fro) some one else's ideas, concepts, thoughts, and images (the already written, read and seen) into my ideas and images. Writing is teaching, reading an education. The best writers are not those who have to prove a point (how good of a writer he or she is), but rather those who can enlighten a reader. The best writers are those who see beyond themselves, see beyond their success, and can perceive the success of their readers. No writing should be done for the pure satisfaction of the author (although this should not discredit writing); writing should always be done for the satisfaction of a nebulous audience - whoever the author decides it should be. And it should be written to bring out the best in -- to educate -- that audience, to inspire them to think, to change, and to write. If the world writes, and if the world reads, maybe we can make better use of the Information Age after all.

The third word is reflexive. Metaphorically it means to be able to carry a mirror that would make the bearer aware of the world behind him/her, the cultural and cognitive topography of one's location, which on the one hand helps one to say what she/he want to say but simultaneously limits what can be said. It also means that one is always interrogating his/her own project. This interrogation of what one has written and is in the process of writing doesn't have to be outside the writing. The writing, the text, has to make the reader conscious of this reflexive, the sideways, glance by foregrounding it. Preference, then, should be for writing that reflects the anxiety, the tension and the unsettledness of writing.

I expend my energy in the hope that Nigerian leaders, political and military elites and power-holders will read some of these writings and hopefully examine their conscience, change their ways and re-commit themselves to improving and governing Nigeria the right, humane and considerate way to improve the living standards of their people. I also tend to think that I am expending too much of my energy and taxing my brains even though there is little or no guarantee of success and despite the fact that greater minds have tried and failed.

I even wondered whether Nigeria should be considered a planet of its own due to its unique complexities and the fact that unlike most of Africa, Nigeria (and Nigerians) simply makes no sense most of the time.

I find it very difficult to answer all these questions I put to myself. Sometimes I feel like giving up, after all, what have I really done to improve Nigeria, or get other people to improve Nigeria, in real terms. Have I fought for Nigeria? Have I represented Nigeria at international events to promote the country? Have I contributed to policies which will enhance development or progress? Apart from writing articles pointing out our ills and defects, do I always propose useful and practical alternatives? But then again, what chance have I been given, or have I created, to change things? Am I in a position to change things in my country, where some cliques' grip on power is absolute, and they don't want anybody coming in and "rocking the boat", so to speak? Am I bashing my head against a brick wall all the time or speaking to deaf, unconcerned and irresponsible ears? Am I the only one who is right and sanctimonious in their opinion of our leaders or of the country? And who says I am even right? These are the same questions I ask of other, hundreds of brilliant writers and analysts in our newspapers, internet websites, blogs, magazines, journals, etc.

If all we write are just for publication, and probably putting our names on the "authors map", or getting noticed, and our leaders do not bother to read them, and if they do, do not bother to examine their conscience or implement changes as a result, then all these writings are exercises in futility, aren't they? Take for example, our former President Obasanjo, who publicly said he never reads newspapers; so how will he know the feelings of his people, their anger, their concerns, their needs, their sorrows, etc. (However, I will assume that some people in his office did this for him, or show important sections to him, because I really don't expect Presidents to read every newspaper stories every day; they have too many things to do)

Some writers and authors have been arrested, detained, tortured, charged to court and imprisoned because of what they wrote. Some have even been murdered. This confirms that indeed some of these our leaders are getting wind of what we write; however, they are not taking it in good faith. And right too; if you are doing something bad and evil, you will never take any correction or advice in good faith, unless you really believe in God.

Every now and then, I decided to tackle the question again and again. Consequently, at this moment I believe that I write about Nigeria because I am Nigeria and Nigerian. I am one of the country's eyes. I am one of the country's mouths. I am Nigeria's ears and most definitely I am her soul. I am Nigeria's conscience also. I am her ambassador and everything I do both within and abroad will reflect either negatively or positively on Nigeria. Without me, my sight, my voice, my thoughts, there is no Nigeria. And if I am silent, then so is Nigeria. This applies to many other really committed writers and publishers of Nigerian affairs too.

I and a lot of others write about Nigeria because we are probably insane in our passion for progress and the fulfilment of the most basic and the grandest Nigerian, nay, African dreams. For myself, I write for free, with no financial gains or political expectations and even if it might subject me to the abuses and persecution of those offended by my frank writings, or the way I see things. I do this because I am free and think progressively and know that freedom and progress are, ultimately, what Nigerians seek.

A cautionary tale: When I was in secondary school Form 4, I wrote a poem about Chief Awolowo. It was for a class assignment. Subject matter was civics and I'd just discovered Nigerian politics. Also, I was already pretentious and full of myself. This poem of mine so impressed the teacher that she asked me to read it aloud for the class. Maybe because everyone had applied themselves to the assignment with unexpected sincerity, I didn't get slapped as hard as you might imagine with a know-it-all backlash. Most of the class even clapped. I thought, Hey, I should become a professional writer! People will think I'm Chinua Achebe and shower me with applause!

After class, this girl approached me. "So, your poem," she said. "You're good with words."

"Thanks," I said, with casual humility.

"Yeah, totally," she continued. "But, you know, it didn't move me."

With that, she walked away (possibly in the general direction of a career as a lawyer or medical doctor). I stood there for a long time, with clammy hands, feeling the blood prickle my neck. I was crushed. She was, I knew, spot-on. Who gives a damn how well-constructed a piece of writing is, if it doesn't make people feel anything?

But I never stopped writing, because obviously that would be a stupid move. The process of writing doesn't cause me the agony it does many writers – you know the ones who wax rhapsodic about the torture of the blank page. I sit down to a blank page and see a page that needs to be filled or written on. Some days I write something decent. Some days I write crap. Whatever, it's not like I won't be back tomorrow.

One thing for sure is that through writing, I have made numerous friends all over the world. These friends, most of whom I have never seen, encourage me, criticize me, educate me, inspire me and invigorate me. Thus I know I am not bashing my head against a brick wall, nor writing nonsense all the time. And one day, I know I will get through to the thick heads of our leaders. There is a joy in writing, and I am getting it, even though it might be painful most times. Whenever I write about a particular issue that concerns me, I feel unburdened; a load off my shoulders and my mind free to write the next piece.

Nigeria belongs to me and writing is the vehicle I happily use to share her with other Nigerians and the world - joys, flaws, missed opportunities, corruption, sadness, poverty, insanity and all.


My thanks to SOLOMON SYDELLE of NIGERIAN CURIOSITY for his blog article, "Why I Blog About Africa", Wednesday 15 January 2009 ( http://www.nigeriancuriosity.com/2009/01/why-i-blog-about-africa.html ) which gave me the germ of the idea to write this article and for giving me permission and authority to use some of his own original ideas, thoughts and words. He is a great "blogger".

Akintokunbo Adejumo lives and works in London, UK. A graduate of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (1979) and University of Manitoba, Canada (1985), he also writes on topical issues and has been published in newspapers and internet media including Nigeriaworld.com, Nigeria Today Online, Nigerians In America, Nigeria Village Square, Champions Newspaper, ChatAfrik.com, African News Switzerland, New Nigerian Politics, Gamji.com, Codewit.com, Nigerian Horizon.com, Nigerian Muse.com, etc.

He is also the Coordinator of CHAMPIONS FOR NIGERIA, (www.championsfornigeria.org) an organisation devoted to celebrating genuine progress, excellence, commitment, selfless and unalloyed service to Nigeria and Nigerians; and the Chief Writer of African Entrepreneur LLC (http://africanceos.ning.com ) a US-based Nigerian-owned company that promotes Nigerian, African and black-owned businesses worldwide.


Italy and Nigeria join forces
Joint patrols in Italy to combat illegal immigration
(ANSA) - Rome, February 17 - Italy and Nigeria on Tuesday agreed to carry out joint patrols to combat human trafficking and illegal immigration.

The agreement was part of a bilateral accord signed in Abuja by Italy's national police chief, Antonio Manganelli, and Nigerian police top brass.

The accord follows a similar one Italy recently signed with Tunisia to intensify efforts against illegal immigration and human trafficking, which is controlled mainly by organized crime. A pilot project for joint Italian-Nigerian patrols in Italy will be coordinated by Interpol for a one-year period and will see the patrols employed not only in border, airport and port duties in Italy, but also in cities where there is a significant Nigerian community.

''I am very pleased with this accord which represents a step forward in combating illegal immigration and human trafficking,'' Italian Interior Minister Roberto Maroni said in a statement.

Speaking in the Nigerian capital, Manganelli said that ''evidence shows that one out of three crimes in Italy is committed by an illegal alien and in some parts of northern Italy the ratio is two out of three''.

''With this accord we intend to achieve our goal of controlling illegal immigration and human trafficking through greater international collaboration,'' he added.

Tuesday's accord came a week after Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini visited Nigeria and invited it to attend one of the outreach sessions at next July's G8 summit in Sardinia, hosted by Italy as G8 president for 2009.

During his visit Frattini announced that Italy will give Nigeria two boats to patrol the Niger Delta.

The boats, which will be manned by local forces, will be used to help prevent attacks on Western oil interests in the area including those of Italian fuels group ENI.

Anti-government militia have declared an 'oil war' in the Delta.

Sicurezza, Manganelli a Modena: 'la ricetta è quella partecipata'
Inserito il 20-02-2009 ~ 17:00 da Redazione

Modena - ''La sicurezza partecipata è l'unica ricetta possibile oggi, io la chiamo sicurezza civica''. A dirlo è stato il capo della Polizia, Antonio Manganelli, durante un convegno a Modena sui sistemi di videosorveglianza. ''L'obiettivo della tranquillità sociale - ha spiegato - si può realizzare attraverso la partecipazione del cittadino allo svolgersi della vita sociale. Dobbiamo cercare di fare squadra''.

Manganelli ha sottolineato la necessità di fare squadra tra le varie forze dell'ordine ''nel rispetto ciascuna dei propri ruoli'', mentre non ha mai citato la parola 'ronde' la cui introduzione è prevista nel decreto legge anti-stupri in discussione al Consiglio dei ministri, parlando al contrario di collaborazione con ''associazioni di categoria, di volontariato".
"Pensiamo - ha aggiunto - al campo dell'antiracket'', che da tempo ''viene affrontato in modo forte e deciso dalle associazioni per la lotta contro il racket''.
Infine, sempre riferendosi alla lotta al 'pizzo': ''Il commerciante da solo ha paura, ma quello che si associa, in virtù della collaborazione con il parternariato tra forze di Polizia e associazioni, è più forte''.

Dalla prossima settimana accanto ai poliziotti italiani ci sarà una rappresentanza di colleghi nigeriani, oltre a quelli tunisini, già arrivati in Italia, per svolgere compiti legati all'identificazione dei clandestini. In più, da metà marzo dovrebbe cominciare il pattugliamento delle coste libiche. Ha annunciato Manganelli, nella sua relazione alla Fondazione Marco Biagi.
''L'altro ieri sono stato in Nigeria a completare un accordo importante - ha spiegato - Dalla prossima settimana ci saranno poliziotti nigeriani in Italia che favoriranno l'identificazione, la regolarizzazione o il trasferimento in patria degli irregolari''. Altri dalla Tunisia, ha aggiunto, sono già arrivati per effetto di un accordo simile completato due settimane fa. Inoltre, ha continuato Manganelli, ''speriamo dalla metà di marzo di far partire un pattugliamento misto sottocosta, con la Libia''.


17 February, 2009



(AGI) - Abuja, 16 Feb. - The head of police, Antonio Manganelli, arrived in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria, today, for a mission organised by the Interior Ministry. Manganelli is to return to Rome Tomorrow, after having met his Nigerian counterpart. Local sources and the Italian embassy in Abuja have said through private channels to AGI that Manganelli's visit is linked to the themes of illegal immigration and the international drugs trade. It is also probable, that there will be talks over an agreement for the repatriation of Nigerians held in Italy, for their punishment in Nigeria to be shortened.
Last week a similar agreement was reached between the British and Nigerian authorities.